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As all art falls into historical periods and is signaled by significant works,

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a (East London, Whitechapel Art Gallery) is generally taken as the first major assertion of pop art. Pop is sometimes characterized by the celebration of consumerism, shopping and advertising - bright colors, sharp contrasts, and familiar imagery from comics and media are all staples of pop.

Along with minimalism, pop art takes the place of being the genre which precedes postmodernism.

Minimalism, a pared-down approach to art, was also a huge effect in music, both popular and classical, in the 1960’s. Phillip Glass, who wrote the scores of Secret Window, and The Illusionist, was influenced by minimalist art, which has its roots in the progressiveness of pop art, and who was friends with sculptor Nancy Graves (Camels).

Pop is not the first multi-media art form, Picasso and Gourbet were using varied mediums long before Hamilton or Duchamp, George Brecht or Lichtenstein.

But pop art brings abstractions into more plain view: look at Robert Indiana’s 1970 “LOVE”sculpture as an example. Another example whose work and writing is a staple is Andy Warhol, whose studio “The Factory”and founding of musical group The Velvet Underground made enormous impacts on the New York City pop art scene. Warhol gave us his view of the artist when he said, “An artist is someone who produces things that people don't need to have but that he - for some reason - thinks it would be a good idea to give them."